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2023 Lizard Clovers, Ferns and Rushes

Updated: Jun 13, 2023

Russell Ness and Simon Pavlou (Pav), Gavin Maclean, Nigel Jones and Tristan Norton

19th May - Somerset, Taunton, Truro

Set off with Russ and Pav

False Virginia Creeper Cissus verticillata
False Virginia Creeper Cissus verticillata


A quick stop in a layby to check directions where the edge was covered in False Virginia Creeper Cissus verticillata









Long-stalked crane's-bill Geranium columbinum
Long-stalked crane's-bill Geranium columbinum



The first stop was Purn Hill Nature Reserve. We were greeted by a large patch of Long-stalked crane's-bill Geranium columbinum, a Broad bean Vicia faba.


Broad bean Vicia faba
Broad bean Vicia faba

At the top of the hill Common Stork's-bill Erodium cicutarium, Common rock-rose Helianthemum nummularium, White rock-rose Helianthemum appeninum, and Sulphur rock-rose Helianthemum x sulphureum.

Common rock-rose Helianthemum nummularium
Common rock-rose Helianthemum nummularium
Common Stork's-bill Erodium cicutarium
Common Stork's-bill Erodium cicutarium
Sulphur rock-rose Helianthemum x sulphureum
Sulphur rock-rose Helianthemum x sulphureum
White rock-rose Helianthemum appeninum
White rock-rose Helianthemum appeninum

Along the West facing ridges Somerset hair-grass Koeleria vallesiana ST3318 5730 with its thickly layered leaf sheaths, Honewort Trinia glauca, Western eyebright Euphrasia tetraquetra, Fairy flax Linium catharticum and Dwarf mouse-ear Cerastium pumilum.

Fairy flax Linium catharticum
Fairy flax Linium catharticum
Honewort Trinia glauca
Honewort Trinia glauca
Western eyebright Euphrasia tetraquetra
Western eyebright Euphrasia tetraquetra
Dwarf mouse-ear Cerastium pumilum
Dwarf mouse-ear Cerastium pumilum


 Somerset hair-grass Koeleria vallesiana
Somerset hair-grass Koeleria vallesiana

Some Erithrosperma dandelions were still out: Taraxacum oxoniense with sub-erect bracts, broad borders and a skeletal leaved Taraxacum rubicundum with its glabrous scape.

Taraxacum oxoniense
Taraxacum oxoniense
Taraxacum rubicundum
Taraxacum rubicundum




Also along the ath Rough clover Trifolium scabrum, Slender Trefoil Trifolium micranthum, and took a snap of the ubiquitous Beaked hawk's-beard Crepis vesicaria

Beaked hawk's-beard Crepis vesicaria
Beaked hawk's-beard Crepis vesicaria

Rough clover Trifolium scabrum
Rough clover Trifolium scabrum
Slender Trefoil Trifolium micranthum
Slender Trefoil Trifolium micranthum

Into Weston-super-Mare where we had the Branched horsetail Equisetum ramosissimum, Wald clary Salvia verbenaca, and Star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum.

Wald clary Salvia verbenaca
Wald clary Salvia verbenaca
Branched horsetail Equisetum ramosissimum
Branched horsetail Equisetum ramosissimum
Star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum
Star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum

As we got to Tavistock we stopped to look at Ample-toothed hawkweed Hieracium sylvularum and Grand-toothed hawkweed Hieracium grandidens

Hieracium syvularum
Hieracium syvularum
Hieracium grandidens
Hieracium grandidens

Unfortunately we couldn't find Diaphanous bladder-fern - we needed to walk another 100m up the track. We did see a couple of neophytes Summer jasmine Jasminum officinale and Tree cotoneaster Cotoneaster frigidus

Tree cotoneaster Cotoneaster frigidus
Tree cotoneaster Cotoneaster frigidus

Summer jasmine Jasminum officinale
Summer jasmine Jasminum officinale






And two more hawkweeds: Tavistock hawkweed Hieracium medium with its yellow styles, short glandular hairs and small toothed leaves, and Nipple-toothed hawkweed Hieracium monstrosum with medium glandular hairs on the phyllaries and larger teeth on the leaves

Nipple-toothed hawkweed Hieracium monstrosum
Nipple-toothed hawkweed Hieracium monstrosum
Tavistock hawkweed Hieracium medium
Tavistock hawkweed Hieracium medium

Next stop Truro where we met up with the other car Gavi, Nigel and Tristan looking at Plymouth pear Pyrus cordata. We searched a meadow further down that was full of Lousewort Pedicularis and Flea sedge Carex pulicaris

Plymouth pear Pyrus cordata
Plymouth pear Pyrus cordata

Flea sedge Carex pulicaris
Flea sedge Carex pulicaris
Lousewort Pedicularis
Lousewort Pedicularis

Final stop of the day was a churchyard in Truro where Ribbon fern Pteris cretica had naturalized in a well

Ribbon fern Pteris cretica
Ribbon fern Pteris cretica

20th May - The Lizard

Stayed in a great location at Arrowan Common Farm. Eyed hawkmoth Smerinthus ocellatus in the trap first thing

Eyed hawkmoth Smerinthus ocellatus
Eyed hawkmoth Smerinthus ocellatus

First stop a lane off the A3083 Heath spotted orchid Dactylorhiza maculata , Bristle club-rush Isolepis setacea, Toad rush Juncus Bufonius, Bulbous rush Juncus bulbosus

Heath spotted orchid Dactylorhiza maculata
Heath spotted orchid Dactylorhiza maculata
Bristle club-rush Isolepis setacea
Bristle club-rush Isolepis setacea
Toad rush Juncus Bufonius
Toad rush Juncus Bufonius

Bulbous rush Juncus bulbosus
Bulbous rush Juncus bulbosus

On to the Lizard car park: Pink Shepherd's-purse Capsella rubella, Fringed rupturewort Herniaria ciliolata, Bird's-foot clover Trifolium ornithopodioides

Bird's-foot clover Trifolium ornithopodioides
Bird's-foot clover Trifolium ornithopodioides
Fringed rupturewort Herniaria ciliolata
Fringed rupturewort Herniaria ciliolata
Pink Shepherd's-purse Capsella rubella
Pink Shepherd's-purse Capsella rubella

Along the track down to the point were Pale flax Linum bienne, Alter lily Zantedeschia aethiopica, Tall ramping-fumitory Fumaria bastardii, Western ramping-fumitory Fumaria occidentalis and striking Eastern gladiolus Gladiolus communis

Pale flax Linum bienne
Pale flax Linum bienne
Alter lily Zantedeschia aethiopica
Alter lily Zantedeschia aethiopica

Tall ramping-fumitory Fumaria bastardii
Tall ramping-fumitory Fumaria bastardii
Eastern gladiolus Gladiolus communis
Eastern gladiolus Gladiolus communis
Western ramping-fumitory Fumaria occidentalis
Western ramping-fumitory Fumaria occidentalis

Out on the open grass areas we found our first Long-headed clover Trifolium incarnatum growing with Subterranean clover Trifolium subterraneum,

Long-headed clover Trifolium incarnatum
Long-headed clover Trifolium incarnatum

Subterranean clover Trifolium subterraneum
Subterranean clover Trifolium subterraneum


Nearer the cliff tops plenty of Thrift Armeria maritima, Sheep's-bit Jasione montane, Danish scurvygrass Cochlearia danica, Spring squill Scilla verna, Sea mouse-ear Cerastium diffusum and Sea-milkwort Glaux maritima.

Thrift Armeria maritima, Sheep's-bit Jasione montane
Thrift Armeria maritima, Sheep's-bit Jasione montane
Danish scurvygrass Cochlearia danica
Danish scurvygrass Cochlearia danica
Spring squill Scilla verna
Spring squill Scilla verna
Sea mouse-ear Cerastium diffusum
Sea mouse-ear Cerastium diffusum

Sea-milkwort Glaux maritima
Sea-milkwort Glaux maritima

Moving South to the next ridge we found our main target species of Upright clover Trifolium strictum and Twin-headed clover Trifolium bocconei.

Upright clover Trifolium strictum
Upright clover Trifolium strictum
Twin-headed clover Trifolium bocconei
Twin-headed clover Trifolium bocconei

Walking North along the clifftop Burnet rose Rosa spinisissima peeped through the gorse and Thyme broomrape Orobanche alba along the coastal path.

Thyme broomrape Orobanche alba
Thyme broomrape Orobanche alba
Burnet rose Rosa spinisissima
Burnet rose Rosa spinisissima








Inland was more flowering Trifolium bocconei, Dwarf rush Juncus capitatus, Allseed Radiola linoides, Chive Allium schoenoprasum, Spring sandwort Minuartia verna and Land quillwort Isoetes histrix

Dwarf rush Juncus capitatus
Dwarf rush Juncus capitatus
Allseed Radiola linoides
Allseed Radiola linoides
Chive Allium schoenoprasum
Chive Allium schoenoprasum
Spring sandwort Minuartia verna
Spring sandwort Minuartia verna
Land quillwort Isoetes histrix
Land quillwort Isoetes histrix

Back at the carpark Sand spurrey Spergularia rubra had opened in the sun

Sand spurrey Spergularia rubra
Sand spurrey Spergularia rubra

At Windmill Farm NR we stopped off at the main pool to look at Vagrant emperor Anax ephippiger and Red-veined darter Sympetrum colombii then North: Heath pearlwort Scleranthus annuus, Ivy-leaved Crowfoot Ranunculus hederaceus, Three-lobed crowfoot Ranunculus tripartitus, Pygmy rush Juncus pygmaeus and Bristle bent Agrostis curtisii.

Heath pearlwort Scleranthus annuus
Heath pearlwort Scleranthus annuus
Three-lobed crowfoot Ranunculus tripartitus
Three-lobed crowfoot Ranunculus tripartitus
Pygmy rush Juncus pygmaeus
Pygmy rush Juncus pygmaeus
Bristle bent Agrostis  curtisii.
Bristle bent Agrostis curtisii.

A short stop at Landewednack: Bithynian vetch Vicia bithynica, Hairy bird's-foot-trefoil Lotus subbiflorus, Wild asparagus Asparagus prostratus and some naturalized Crown daisy Glebionis coronaria

Bithynian vetch Vicia bithynica
Bithynian vetch Vicia bithynica

Hairy bird's-foot-trefoil Lotus subbiflorus
Hairy bird's-foot-trefoil Lotus subbiflorus
Russ, Nigel and Gavin at the Wild asparagus Asparagus prostratus
Russ, Nigel and Gavin at the Wild asparagus Asparagus prostratus
Crown daisy Glebionis coronaria
Crown daisy Glebionis coronaria

Last stop of the day Kynance: Hairy greenweed Genista pilosa and some early Spotted cat's-ear Hypochaeris maculata

Hairy greenweed Genista pilosa
Hairy greenweed Genista pilosa
Spotted cat's-ear Hypochaeris maculata
Spotted cat's-ear Hypochaeris maculata

21st May - Back home via Penryn

An early check of the moth trap produce anything special. Back we went to Windmill Fm NR and found flowering Taraxacum chlorofrugale and Taraxacum ronae.


Taraxacum chlorofrugale
Taraxacum chlorofrugale
Taraxacum ronae
Taraxacum ronae

All packed up we headed to Penryn for Killarney Fern Trichomanes speciosum. We also had Japanese aucuba Aucuba japonica and Himalayan cotoneaster naturalised in the woodland


Killarney Fern Trichomanes speciosum
Killarney Fern Trichomanes speciosum

Near Cheddar we stopped off to look at Starved wood-sedge Carex depauperata and parked next to a large area of Purple gromwell Lithospermum purpureocaeruleum.

Purple gromwell Lithospermum purpureocaeruleum
Purple gromwell Lithospermum purpureocaeruleum
Starved wood-sedge Carex depauperata
Starved wood-sedge Carex depauperata

Finishing the trip scrabbling around on the Cheddar Gorge rocks but only seeing some Hairy rock-cress Arabis hirsuta.

Hairy rock-cress Arabis hirsuta
Hairy rock-cress Arabis hirsuta












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